According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, coronavirus disease 2019, or “COVID-19,” is a respiratory illness caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, or “SARS-CoV-2.” This illness spreads through respiratory droplets produced when an infected individual sneezes or coughs. Symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Severe complications include pneumonia, multi-organ failure, and in some cases, death. There are currently no specific treatments or vaccines for COVID-19. For more information, visit cdc.gov/COVID19.
Editor’s Note: The global pandemic caused by the outbreak of COVID-19 is a rapidly changing situation. Health organizations are releasing new information daily. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this article at the time of publication. We will continue to update the information provided as necessary.
How to get tested for COVID-19
The procedures for COVID-19 testing vary by state, county, and in some cases, the testing site or healthcare provider. The coronavirus testing directory below lists resources by state. Many states have created interactive maps or lists where residents can easily find information about their nearest testing site. Individuals should read the guidelines for their chosen test site carefully, and contact the testing provider if they have any questions about criteria or procedures.
Most testing sites require an appointment and may also require a referral from a healthcare provider. Additionally, some sites will only test individuals who exhibit symptoms of COVID-19, while others will test asymptomatic individuals as well. Individuals should also be mindful of costs that may be associated with COVID-19 testing. Some sites are providing testing free of charge; others accept health insurance or payment out-of-pocket.
Please note that testing sites may close, or change their hours or testing criteria without notice. All information contained in the following directory is current as of the date of publication.
State COVID-19 Testing Directory
|Testing Center Resource
|Alabama Department of Public Health
|Alaska Department of Health and Social Services
1-800-478-222 or 211
|Arizona Department of Health Services
|Arkansas Department of Health
|California Department of Public Health
|Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
1-866-760-6489 or 211
|Connecticut State Government
|Delaware Division of Public Health
|Florida Division of Emergency Management
|Georgia Department of Public Health
|State of Hawaii Department of Health
|Regional Public Health Districts
District 1: 1-877-415-5225
District 2: 1-208-748-0400
District 3: 1-208-455-5411
District 4: 1-208-321-2222
District 5: 1-208-737-1138
District 6: 1-208-234-5875
District 7: 1-208-522-0310
|Illinois Department of Public Health
|Indiana State Department of Health
1-515-575-2131 or 1-844-844-1561
|Kansas Department of Health and Environment
|Kentucky Public Health
|Louisiana Department of Health
|Maine Department of Health and Human Services
|Maryland Department of Health
|Massachusetts Department of Public Health
|Michigan State Government
1-888-535-6136, Ext. 1
|Minnesota State Government
1-651-297-1304 or 1-800-657-3504
|Mississippi State Department of Health
1-601-576-7400 or 1-866-458-4948
|Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services
|Montana Disaster and Emergency Services
|Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services
|Nevada Health Response
|New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services
1-866-444-4211 or 211
|New Jersey State Government
1-800-962-1253 or 211
|New Mexico Department of Health
|New York State Department of Health
|North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services
|North Dakota Health
|Ohio Department of Health
|Oklahoma State Department of Health
|Oregon Health and Science University
|Pennsylvania Department of Health
|Rhode Island Department of Health
1-401-222-8022 or 211
|South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control
|Tennessee Office of the Governor
1-615-741-7247 or 1-800-404-3006
|Texas Department of State Health Services
|Utah State Government
|Vermont Department of Health
1-802-828-2828 or 211
|Virginia Department of Health
|Washington State Department of Health
1-360-236-4501 or 1-800-525-0127
|Government of the DIstrict of Columbia
|West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources
|Wisconsin Department of Health Services
|Wyoming Department of Health
When to get tested for COVID-19
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the most common COVID-19 symptoms include:
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
Individuals who display any of these symptoms should contact their healthcare provider or seek testing as soon as possible. You can also determine if you need to seek testing using the CDC’s Self-Checker tool.
If you are experiencing emergency warning signs of COVID-19, which include trouble breathing; persistent chest pressure or pain; new confusion; inability to wake or stay awake, and/or bluish lips or face, you should seek emergency medical care immediately.
Depending on where you are, you may be able to get tested for COVID-19 even if you are not displaying any symptoms. The CDC recommends that asymptomatic individuals who have been exposed to someone with a known or suspected case of COVID-19 get tested themselves, although testing criteria and availability is ultimately determined by the specific testing provider.
|Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
|The CDC is the United States’ leading national public health organization. Its mission is to protect public health and safety through the control and prevention of disease, injury, and disability in the U.S. and abroad.
|World Health Organization (WHO)
|A specialized agency of the United Nations, WHO is responsible for international public health. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, it has field offices worldwide.
|Association of Public Health Laboratories
|The APHL is a nonprofit organization in the United States that represents laboratories that protect public health and safety.
|State Departments of Health
|Each state in the U.S. has its own department of health. These public health departments are currently coordinating efforts for COVID-19 testing and treatment.